August 20, 2018

Stalking (Student Misconduct)

Stalking is a course of conduct directed at another person that would cause a reasonable person (i) to fear for their safety or the safety of others, or (ii) to suffer substantial emotional distress.

“Course of conduct” means behavior involving two or more acts in which the Respondent directly or indirectly monitors, follows, observes, threatens, surveils, communicates to or about the Reporting Party, or interferes with the Reporting Party’s property.

“Substantial emotional distress” means significant mental suffering or anguish.

Stalking includes “cyber-stalking.” Cyber stalking is a course of conduct in which a Respondent uses electronic media, like the internet, social networks, blogs, cell phones, or text messages to cause reasonable fear or emotional distress.

Stalking often involves individuals known to each other or who have a current or previous relationship. It may also involve strangers.

Stalking is experienced by women and men of all races, ethnicities, religions, ages, abilities and sexual orientations. It can affect every aspect of a Reporting Party’s life. It often begins with phone calls, emails, text messages or letters and may escalate to physical violence. Some examples of behavior, when part of a course of conduct, which may come under this definition:

  • Unwanted communication, including face-to-face contact, telephone calls, voice messages, emails, text messages, postings on social networking sites, written letters, or gifts;
  • Posting picture(s) or information on social networking sites or other websites;
  • Sending unwanted or unsolicited email or chat requests;
  • Posting private or public messages on school bulletin boards or internet sites;
  • Installing spyware on another person’s computer;
  • Using Global Positioning Systems (GPS) to monitor another person;
  • Pursuing, following, waiting or showing up uninvited at or near a course; classroom, residence, workplace or other places frequented by the victim;
  • Surveillance or other types of observation, including staring or “peeping”;
  • Vandalizing property;
  • Gathering information about an individual from friends, family or co-workers;
  • Threatening to harm self or others;
  • Defaming by lying to others about the victim (e.g., rumors of infidelity, etc.).