The University Committee on Appointments, Promotions, and Tenure (UCAPT) serves as the ultimate advisory body to the Provost, who retains final authority on behalf of the President. Panels of UCAPT advise the Provost on tenure decisions, and promotion and appointment to tenure-track and tenured Associate Professor and Professor positions and the awarding of the distinction of Clinical Scholar. The University Committee on Library Appointments, Promotions, and Continuing Appointments advises the Provost on senior librarian ranks. The University Committee on Research, Teaching, Practitioner, and Clinical Promotions advises the Provost on promotions not involving the grant of tenure, where a dean disagrees with the recommendation of a faculty committee. All these groups share this Manual.